This research work presents the extraction and physicochemical, phytochemical and vitamins characterization of oil from seed of Sesame indica
. The oil was extracted by soxhlet apparatus using n-hexane as the solvent. Results from the physicochemical analysis showed Oil content (49±1.41 %), acid value (0.48±0.04 mg KOH/g), free fatty acid (0.24±0.02 mg KOH/g), Peroxide value (7.73±0.39 mEq./Kg), Saponification value (190±1.41 mg KOH/g), Iodine value (109.5±9.19 gI2
/100g), Specific gravity (0.919±0.01), five phytochemicals tested include alkaloid, tannin, flavonoid, total phenols and saponins had the following quantities 134.80 ± 0.28, 14.12 ± 1.32, 62.14 ± 0.10, 192.49 ± 4.45 and 40.82 ± 1.21 mg/g respectively. Vitamin analysis showed vitamin A was 10.59 ± 0.14 (mg/g), Vitamin D content was 12915.2 ± 104.3 (µg/100g) and Vitamin E content was 132.5 ± 0.31 (µg/100g). This study showed that the sesame seed oil is a good source of vitamin and could be useful as food supplement and industry.
Ihenetu Stanley Chukwuemeka, Enyoh Christian Ebere, Inyamah Prisca Chigozie, Enyoh Emmanuel Chinedu. Physicochemical properties, phytochemicals and fat soluble vitamins of seed oil extracts from Sesamum Indicum L.. Int. J. Chem. Biol. Sci. 2019;1(2):19-23.