Mimosine [α-amino-β-(3-hydroxy-4-oxo-1, 4- dihydropyridin-1-yl)-propanoic acid] is toxic element, that found naturally in Leucaena (Leucaena-leucocephala de Wit) tree. Leucaena leucocephala trees are commonly known as White Lead tree. It has been used for medicinal purposes because of possessing multiple pharmacological properties. Studies have shown the presence of various secondary metabolites such as alkaloid, cardiac glycosides, tannins, flavonoids, saponins, and glycosides in this species. Phytochemically, this plant has been reported to contain numerous alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and triterpenoids. Pharmacologically this plant has been reported as antibacterial, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, anthelmintic, antioxidant. In the present review article is to explore extraction method of mimosine, pharmacological study and phytochemical study.
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